A foundational tenet of academic feminism holds that alleged differences between males and females are socially constructed.
Social Construction of Gender essays
This credo usually maximizes the opportunities for charging sexism, yet it will be discarded in an instant if acknowledging the innate biological and psychological differences between men and women yields an additional trove of feminist complaint. The current issue of the Yale Alumni Magazine shows how the game is played.
Clinical trials only occasionally included females and when they did, the results were rarely analyzed by sex, reports the Yale alumni publication. In fact, the Framingham Heart Study, which was the first long-term study of its kind, contained a majority of female participants. But that directive was revoked in and since then, some studies have found that females are actually overrepresented in clinical trials. Among the relevant findings:.
Male and female brains respond differently to early childhood neglect, with males losing gray matter in areas governing impulse control and females losing gray matter in areas governing emotion;. Males and females smoke for different reasons and have correspondingly different success rates with the nicotine patch;.
Such discoveries should be the death knell for social constructivism. And yet, feminist social-justice warriors are perfectly capable of proceeding on several contradictory fronts simultaneously. Perhaps the assistant professor simply means that a prognosis may change depending on whether the patient really is a woman or a man. Given that we are now up to over different gender identities, the diagnostic complications will be enormous. Female monkeys exposed prenatally to male sex hormones later prefer male rough-and-tumble play.
The human genetic disease congenital adrenal hyperplasia CAH exposes the female foetus to unusually large amounts of male sex hormone and toy-preference studies have shown that girls with CAH prefer to play with cars than with dolls. Few deny that biology plays a major role in determining gender-specific play. This view suggests we should treat gender-based behaviour in children as a disease in need of a cure.
Such pursuit of gender neutrality would eliminate variety, generally seen as a valuable asset in the biological world and a vital basic element contributing to normal human interrelations. There is no credible evidence that normal gender-based play behaviour causes any harm. The push in Sweden to eliminate gendered behaviour in children is based on the ideological notion that gender is mostly socially constructed.
There is undoubtedly a social element to gender, but the evidence for a strong biological basis is undeniable and it cannot be healthy to frustrate strong biological tendencies. You can change gendered play in children by social conditioning but it bounces back when there is any slackening off in the conditioning.
Reimer lost his penis in a circumcision accident. To compensate, he was clinically castrated and treated with female hormones, and was raised as a girl, on the ideological assumption that gender is socially constructed. But Reimer always identified as a boy and became a tragically unhappy adolescent. The preponderance of scientific biological and psychological evidence indicates that the social gender engineering proposed in Sweden is wrong.
Male and female are different but equal and the equality agenda is damaged rather than served by trying to eliminate difference.
William Reville is an emeritus professor of biochemistry and public awareness of science officer at UCC. Having a positive attitude about yourself can help you to perform better under stress. A weakened sense of identity is contributing to a surge in loneliness and depression. Weather predictions and folklore are probably as old as human society. To save bees make some space for wildness and let them look after themselves.
Gender is not a social construct
Gender is not a social construct There is a strong biological basis to gender and it cannot be healthy to frustrate such tendencies Thu, Apr 4, , Updated: Thu, Apr 4, , William Reville. More in Sponsored Making the move to low carbon heating. Planning for Brexit is more urgent than ever. How pioneering CMOs are changing the rules of marketing.
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